In occasion of RES4MED&Africa’s upcoming conference in Tunis on 27 June 2018 titled “Renewables and infrastructure for the clean energy transition of Tunisia: The Italian journey on the renewable energies: Excellency and Best Practices”, RES4MED is relaunching two reports that respectively focus on auction mechanisms and the job-creation effect of renewable energy deployment in the country.
Power demand in Tunisia is constantly growing: in 2015 power consumption per person had increased of 50% since year 2000. But since 2001, Tunisia has also been confronted with an electricity deficit, with worrying consequences such as worsening of the deficit, depletion of domestic energy resources, scarcity of energy supplies and so on.
In 2017, Tunisia set the target of achieving a 30% share of renewables in its total electricity generation by 2030. In order to attend this target, in May 2017, the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Renewable Energy Solutions launched the first round of RE tender national programme, a Request for Proposals intended for private investors.
The first study, Creation d’emploi, is one of the results of the work program set up by ANME, the Tunisian agency for energy management, and RES4Med, in agreement with the MoU signed by the two in order to explore the possibilities of development of renewable energies in the country. The purpose of the study is to present job creation mechanisms and their cost benefits in the development of solar and wind renewable energy projects, also in comparison with the job sector deriving from fossil fuels. The study analyzes the creation of sustainable jobs resulting from the solar and wind sector, with an insight on the job profiles created and a focus on the level of competitiveness of the local market.
The second study, Etude des mecanismes d’appel d’offres (also available in English), focuses on the auction mechanisms and its benefits for both the private and public sector, as competitive auctions allow public authorities to reveal the real prices of the projects while letting subsequent opportunities for the private sector to invest in a profitable project. The following chapters present case studies on three African countries (Zambia, Morocco and Egypt), analyse the Tunisian context and provide a set of recommendations for optimising the preparation of an auction mechanism.